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Summary – Key Sources


Browser Fact Checker.  If you want to check a specific story, do a search on Google.  Use this Google phrase: “fact check search term(s).”   An example: "fact check trump best blacks history" for the story on Trump claims that he has been the best president ever for black Americans. 


Profiles the Latest Fake News Stories and you use their search box to find others.

  1.  Oldest, highly respected. Started in 1994 by David Mikkelson. Owned by Snopes Media Group.  Profiles the latest fake news.  Has search box. 

  2. One of the earliest started in 1999. Family owned. Rich Buhler, broadcaster, founded it; and now his family runs it.   Categories: politics, fake news, viral news, and entertainment scams.  Has a search box too. 

  3. – London-based fact checking service, non-profit.  Fact checks the top stories in the news.  Has search box to find others. 


Specific Subject Fact Checking Sites

  1. Climate and Environmental.   non-profit in France. 

  2. COVID Pandemic.  Go to 

  3. Online Videos.  Transparency Tube ( is a non-profit.  Does the categorizing, indexing, and analyzing of over 7,300 of the largest English language YouTube channels actively discussing political and cultural issues


Scams and Hoaxes (trying to gyp you from your money)

To double-check consumer scams and hoaxes, try one of these sites. 


Political and Governmental News

  1.   Checks political statements and politicians for accuracy.  Latest news and a search box.  Started in 2003.  Sponsored by the Annenberg Public Policy Center; based at journalism center at University of PA. Staff of former reporters, writers, and editors.

  2.   Recent political quotes reported in the media.  Rates political statements on their Truth-O-Meter.  owned by non-profit, Poynter Institute. Created in 2007 by Tampa Bay Tribune. Large staff.   Has fact checking in state editions, top social issues, and people in the news.  See also    and list of media literacy sites.

  3.  “Top resource for clear, unbiased information”. operated by Center for Responsive Politics, non-partisan research group that “tracks the money” in government or campaign spending.

  4. Lloyd’s Register Foundation “World Risk Poll”.   A global study of people’s worry and risk taking opinions. 


Organization based fact checkers

Good set of examples about fake news from BBC News.


Guides to Evaluating News Sources


Use software and search tools to help you detect untrustworthy sites:


Research about Consumer Media & Information Habits

  1. Pew Research Center (non-profit)

  • U.S. Media Polarization.  Study,  Jan. 2020

  • Measuring News Consumption in a Digital Era.  Study, Dec., 2020.

  • Pew Research Center, looked at possible trends both positive and negative. The study, “The Future of Truth and Misinformation Online.  Oct. 2017.

  1. EdWeek Research Center.


Articles / Papers


NYT, 9.11.20. “Getting Wise to Fake News”.


“News Literacy: The 7 Habits You Need to Develop.”  From a series at Honest Reporting.


Zakrewski and Lerman, “No Social Media is Safe: How election information spread on…”



Melius Weideman, called Fake News: The Role of Search Engines and Website Content,



Educational / Info Literacy Sites

  1. Generation Citizen, a civics education non-profit,

  2. Poynter organization’s MediaWise online (information) literacy program, started in 2018.  “How to sort fact from fiction online.”

  3. News Literacy Project (  Focus on educators.  Has downloadable Educator Booklet. A national non-profit educational association.

  4. MediaWise for Seniors, a project of the Poynter Institute.

  5. Common Sense Education. 

  6. – non-profit, university-based group formed in 2017. CUNY Journalism school in NYC. “Protect society from harmful misinformation.”  Covers the societal issue of misinformation.  Has a free library of training materials.  Focuses on in-depth review of a few top stories. 

  7. Stanford University Education Group. Civic Online Reasoning Curriculum.   Free online lessons.

  8.   PIL is a nonprofit institute that conducts research studies nationally in the US about early adults and how they find, evaluate and select information for use in their courses. The website contains talks from experts, publications, research findings and how librarians are applying these findings in their outreach.

  9. Elsevier.    Free tools for guidance, knowledge and support to early and mid-career researchers. E-learning modules.

  10. American Library Association definitions and standards. 

A specific concentration is needed to guide and protect our children.

See this new subpage- Misinformation Guide- Children & Youth.

Knowledge Resources

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